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Albert Einstein

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In 1879, Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of Zurich by 1909. His 1905 paper explaining the photoelectric effect, the basis of electronics, earned him the Nobel Prize in 1921. His first paper on Special Relativity Theory, also published in 1905, changed the world. After the rise of the Nazi party, Einstein made Princeton his permanent home, becoming a U.S. citizen in 1940. Einstein, a pacifist during World War I, stayed a firm proponent of social justice and responsibility. He chaired the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, which organized to alert the public to the dangers of atomic warfare. At a symposium, he advised: "In their struggle for the ethical good, teachers of religion must have the stature to give up the doctrine of a personal God, that is, give up that source of fear and hope which in the past placed such vast power in the hands of priests. In their labors they will have to avail themselves of those forces which are capable of cultivating the Good, the True, and the Beautiful in humanity itself. This is, to be sure a more difficult but an incomparably more worthy task . . . " ("Science, Philosophy and Religion, A Symposium," published by the Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion in their Relation to the Democratic Way of Life, Inc., New York, 1941). In a letter to philosopher Eric Gutkind, dated Jan. 3, 1954, Einstein stated: "The word god is for me nothing more than the expression and product of human weaknesses, the Bible a collection of honorable, but still primitive legends which are nevertheless pretty childish. No interpretation no matter how subtle can (for me) change this," (The Guardian, "Childish superstition: Einstein's letter makes view of religion relatively clear," by James Randerson, May 13, 2008). D. 1955. While best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"), he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory. Einstein thought that Newtonion mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led to the development of his special theory of relativity. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on the general theory of relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 and did not go back to Germany. On the eve of World War II, he endorsed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him to the potential development of "extremely powerful bombs of a new type" and recommending that the U.S. begin similar research. This eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project. Einstein supported defending the Allied forces, but largely denounced the idea of using the newly discovered nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, with Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons. Einstein was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955. His great intellectual achievements and originality have made the word "Einstein" synonymous with genius.

Quotes of Albert Einstein

“It is not that Im so smart. But I stay with the questions much longer.”

“Any fool can know. The point is to understand.”

“I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.”

“The most incomprehensible thing about the world is that it is at all comprehensible.”

“The most beautiful experience we can have is the mysterious - the fundamental emotion which stands at the cradle of true art and true science.”

“If a cluttered desk is a sign of a cluttered mind, of what, then, is an empty desk a sign?”

“Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.”

“Coincidence is Gods way of remaining anonymous.”

Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and Im not sure about the universe.”

“The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education.”

“If you want your children to be intelligent, read them fairy tales. If you want them to be more intelligent, read them more fairy tales.”

“If you cant explain it to a six year old, you dont understand it yourself.”

“Never memorize something that you can look up.”

“When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second seems like an hour. Thats relativity.”

“The statistics on sanity are that one out of every four people is suffering from a mental illness. Look at your 3 best friends. If theyre ok, then its you.”

“The difference between genius and stupidity is; genius has its limits.”

“Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and Im not sure about the universe.”

“I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.”

“I speak to everyone in the same way, whether he is the garbage man or the president of the university.”

“The fear of death follows from the fear of life. A man who lives fully is prepared to die at any time.”

“When someone loves you, the way they say your name is different. You know that your name is safe in their mouth.”

“Things change. And friends leave. Life doesnt stop for anybody.”

“But better to get hurt by the truth than comforted with a lie.”

“Just when you think it cant get any worse, it can. And just when you think it cant get any better, it can.”

“Im the one thats got to die when its time for me to die, so let me live my life the way I want to.”

“Finish each day and be done with it. You have done what you could. Some blunders and absurdities no doubt crept in; forget them as soon as you can. Tomorrow is a new day. You shall begin it serenely and with too high a spirit to be encumbered with your old nonsense.”

“Life isnt about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself.”

“There are only two ways to live your life. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle.”

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